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Gunung Merapi

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Gunung Merapi

(It is imperative to take warm clothing – temperatures near the summit can reach zero – and energizing food. Tour operators often fail to stress the need for this kit.)

Gunung Merapi, whose name means ‘giving fire’, lies 30 km north of Yogya and is possibly the best known of all Java’s many volcanoes. It rises to a height of nearly 3000 m and can be seen from the city. Because Merapi is still very active, it is closely watched by Indonesia’s Directorate of Vulcanology who have an observatory here. Its first recorded eruption was in AD 1006, when it killed the Hindu king Darmawangsa, covered the island of Java with ash and is believed by scholars to have contributed to the collapse of the Mataram Kingdom.

Flickr Gunung Merapi photos

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