A Land of History and Scenic Beauty
This landlocked nation of less than half a million citizens is wedged in between France, Belgium, and Germany, meaning that it has played a key role in everything from the Battle of the Bulge to the foundation of the European Union. Nowadays, however, the Grand Duchy, as it is formally known, is more low-key, and tourists from all over the world come to enjoy its serene landscapes, gentle hospitality, and historic monuments. Luxembourg City is the nation's capital, and its architecturally rich city center contains the Place d'Armes, the Grand Ducal Palace and the Notre-Dame Cathedral. The northernmost part of the country is a sparsely populated geographical blend of forest and low-lying mountains, but closer to the German border sits the under-explored region of Mullerthal. Known locally as "Little Switzerland," it is home to some of Luxembourg's most dramatic natural scenery, complete with many quaint local villages scattered among the hills and waterfalls.