Berwick-upon-Tweed (/ˈbɛ.ɹɪk-/), situated in the county of Northumberland, is the northernmost town in England, on the east coast at the mouth of the river Tweed, situated 2.5 miles (4 km) south of the Scottish border.
In 2001 the town had a population of 11,665, a figure which has remained roughly constant since 1911 or so. It is the administrative centre of the Borough of Berwick-upon-Tweed, which has a population of 25,949. Berwick town is an unparished area, the least populated one in England. The borough council has recommended the parishing of this area. http://www.berwick-upon-tweed.gov.uk/legalanddemocratics/draft-recommendation1.htm?zoom_highlight=parishing
Although in that region the Tweed forms the border between England and Scotland, and the historic heart of the town of Berwick is located on the northern, formerly Scottish, side, the modern (post-1482) boundary diverts itself around the town to keep it in England. The town proper lies on the north bank of the River Tweed, and was formerly the county town of Berwickshire in Scotland, with which it still has strong economic and retail ties. Apart from the town proper, some nearby hinterland is also included in England and was considered part of the pre-1974 municipal borough, which had an area of about 25 km². (...) more…
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