Baroque palace and orangery in English landscaped grounds created by Prince Pückler-Muskau.
In Goethe's days, Belvedere Palace was, after Tiefurt and Ettersburg, one of the summer residences of the ducal family. The construction of the complex south of the city was prompted by Duke Ernst August in 1724, and it was modelled on Belvedere Palace in Vienna. The baroque building, with four cavalier houses alongside it, is surrounded by parkland grounds in an English landscape style which were designed by Prince Hermann von Pückler-Muskau. One adornment is the Russian Garden, which was created at the instigation of Grand Duchess Maria Pawlowna, who took inspiration from the Pawlowsk Palace grounds in St Petersburg. The grounds contain the orangery and the Red Tower, which until 1820 stood in the gardens of Wittum Palace and served as a tea salon. In 1995/96, the music college was built close to the palace as a modern building with lots of glass areas. The ground floor of the building, the concert hall, is based on an ancient stadium. The beautiful rooms of the palace - including the ballroom - show arts and crafts from the 17th and 18th century. The works are primarily examples of courtly culture from the 18th century. Impressive features include the faiences, the porcelain and the glasses. There are examples of almost all of the Thuringian porcelain manufacturers which sprang up in the 18th century: Volkstedt, Wallendorf, Ilmenau and Limbach as well as Gotha and Kloster Veilsdorf. An insight into the development of the art of glass is provided using exhibits from the period from the 16th to the 19th century. Also on display are items of furniture, principally writing desks and sophisticated fixtures and fittings, as well as textiles.